ID Artigo: 955
Titulo: Vulnerability, Adaptation, and Competing Economic and Climatic Exposures in the Bolivian Highlands
Resumo: Smallholder farmers continuously confront social and economic stressors that require adaptation or abandonment of rural livelihoods. Climate change further exacerbates and interacts with these exposures, constraining options for adaptation. We examine how indigenous Bolivian farmers perceive stressors on their livelihoods, their adaptive strategies to these threats, and the influence of past adaptations on vulnerability given further climatic change. We find that vulnerability changes over time as stressors demand the expenditure of household assets for adaptation, including water, land, labor, and cash, among others, while influencing the availability and utility of, and access to, those same resources. To reduce vulnerability, adaptation planning must address constraints on access under both climatic and social exposures.